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California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Mammals Around Las Vegas, Wildlife Around Las Vegas
Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)

General Information: California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) are the native deer of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and parts of southern California. In this subspecies, the rump is mostly tan, and the tail is white with a black stripe down the center and black tip.

Taxonomy: Order: Artiodactyla (Even-toed Hoofed Mammals); Family: Cervidae (Deer, Elk, Moose, Caribou).

There are 11 subspecies of mule deer. In most cases, the subspecies are difficult to tell apart (except by geography). However, there are obvious differences in the tails of some subspecies: some have black tails, some have white tails, and some have white tails with a black tip.

California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Buck (male)

Technical Description: Height about 3 feet. Antlers (males only) are forked, each fork being equal in size (compare with White-tailed Deer). Coat color tends to be reddish in the spring and gray in the winter. The hooves are in pairs; one pair primarily contacts the ground, and another usually remains slightly off the ground behind the first.

Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Doe (female)

Breeding: Deer breed in the fall (fall rut) and produce 1-2 young (fawns) in the spring.

Diet: Vegetation; browse on shrubs and twigs.

Range: Sierra Nevada Mountains and parts of southern California.

California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Fawn (juvenile)
Mule deer juvenile in Yosemite National Park, California. Notice the white spots in the pelage.
Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Mule deer female in Yosemite National Park, California. Notice the oversized ears.
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Fawn
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Mule Deer sometimes feed at night
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica) California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Mule deer
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Note naked rump patches
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Note naked rump patches
California Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus californica)
Note naked rump patches

Note: All distances, elevations, and other facts are approximate.
copyright; Last updated 140424

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