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Mammals Around Las Vegas
Wildlife Around Las Vegas

Although it might look like a wasteland out there, some 70 species of mammals make their home in the deserts and mountains around Las Vegas. Listed below are many of those species. Being a desert, most of the local mammal species conserve water and energy by hiding in cool places or underground during the day and becoming active at night. This makes it hard to see most species and might give a false impression that mammals are rare in the desert.

Photo Taxonomy Species
Soricidae Order Insectivora: Insectivores
Family Soricidae: Shrews
Desert Shrew (Notiosorex crawfordi)
Merriam’s Shrew (Sorex merriami)
Inyo Shrew (Sorex tenellus)
Western Pipistrelle Bat (Pipistrellus hesperus)

Order Chiroptera: Bats
Family Vespertilionidae
Family Molossidae: Free-tail Bats

Mexican Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)
California Leaf-nosed Bat (Macrotus californicus)
Pallid Bat (Antrozous pallidus)
Spotted Bat (Euderma maculatum)
Townsend's Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii)
Western Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus hesperus)
Western Yellow Bat (Lasiurus xanthinus)
plus about 15 more species!

Desert Cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii)

Order Lagomorpha
Family Leporidae, Bunnies

Desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii)
Mountain Cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Brush Rabbit (Sylvilagus bachmani)

Black-tailed Jack Rabbit (Lepus californicus) Order Lagomorpha
Family Leporidae, Hares
Black-tailed Jack Rabbit (Lepus californicus)
Young pika: note the molt line Order Lagomorpha
Family Ochotonidae, Pika
American Pika (Ochotona princeps)
Beaver (Castor canadensis) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Castoridae: Beaver
Beaver (Castor canadensis)
Valley pocket gopher (Thomomys bottae) Order Rodentia: Rodents Family Geomyidae, Pocket Gophers Valley pocket gopher (Thomomys bottae)
Long-tailed Pocket Mouse (Chaetodipus formosus) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Heteromyidae, Pocket Mice
Long-tailed Pocket Mouse (Chaetodipus formosus)
Desert Pocket Mouse (Chaetodipus penicillatus)
Spiny Pocket Mouse (Chaetodipus spinatus)
Little Pocket Mouse (Perognathus longimembris)
Great Basin Pocket Mouse (Perognathus mollipilosus)
Merriam's Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys merriami) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Heteromyidae, Kangaroo Rats, Kangaroo Mice

Merriam's Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys merriami)
Chisel-toothed Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys microps)
Desert Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys deserti)
Ord's Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys ordii)
Panamint Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys panamintinus)
Dark Kangaroo Mouse (Microdipodops megacephalus)

Southern Grasshopper Mouse (Onychomys torridus) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Muridae
Subfamily Sigmodontinae, Grasshopper Mice
Southern Grasshopper Mouse (Onychomys torridus)
No photo yet. Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Muridae
Subfamily Sigmodontinae, Harvest Mice
Western Harvest Mouse (Reithrodontomys megalotis)
deer mouse Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Muridae
Subfamily Sigmodontinae, Deer Mice and related species

Deer Mice (Peromyscus spp.)
Cactus Deermouse (Peromyscus eremicus)
Canyon Deermouse (Peromyscus crinitus)
Brush Deermouse (Peromyscus boylii)
North American Deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)
Pinyon Deermouse (Peromyscus truei)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Hispid Cotton Rat (Sigmodon hispidus)

Desert Woodrat (Neotoma lepida) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Muridae
Subfamily Sigmodontinae, Woodrats
Desert Woodrat (Neotoma lepida)
Sagebrush Vole (Lemmiscus curtatus) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Muridae
Subfamily Arvicolinae, Voles

Sagebrush Vole (Lemmiscus curtatus)
Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

Coypu (Myocastor coypus) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Myocastoridae, Nutria

Species not around Las Vegas:

Coypu or Nutria (Myocastor coypus)

House mouse (Mus musculus) Order Rodentia: Rodents
Family Muridae
Subfamily Murinae, Old-world Mice and Rats
Black Rat (Rattus rattus)
Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)
House mouse (Mus musculus)
Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus lateralis) Order Rodentia: Rodents Family Sciuridae: Squirrels,
Ground Squirrels

Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus lateralis)
Rock Squirrel (Spermophilus variegatus)
Round-tailed Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus tereticaudus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

California Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyi)
Yellow-bellied Marmot (Marmota flaviventris)
Belding's Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus beldingi)
Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)
Gunnison's Prairie Dog (Cynomys gunnisoni)
Utah Prairie Dog (Cynomys parvidens)
Cascade Golden-mantled Ground Squirrels (Spermophilus saturatus)

White-tailed Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus leucurus) Order Rodentia: Rodents Family Sciuridae: Squirrels,
Antelope Squirrels

White-tailed Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus leucurus)
Harris' Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus harrisii)

Charleston Mountain Chipmunk (Tamias palmeri) Order Rodentia: Rodents Family Sciuridae: Squirrels,
Chipmunks

Charleston Mountain Chipmunk (Tamias palmeri)
Cliff Chipmunk (Tamias dorsalis)
Panamint Chipmunk (Tamias panamintinus)
Unita Chipmunk (Tamias umbrinus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Alpine Chipmunk (Tamias alpinus)
Colorado Chipmunk (Tamias quadrivittatus)
Hopi Chipmunk (Tamias rufus)
Least Chipmunk (Tamias minimus)
Lodgepole Chipmunk (Tamias speciosus)
Olympic Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus caurinus)
Siskiyou Chipmunk (Tamias siskiyou)
Townsend's Chipmunk (Tamias townsendii)
Yellow-pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus)

Douglas' Squirrel (Tamiasciurus douglasii)

Order Rodentia: Rodents Family Sciuridae: Squirrels,
Tree Squirrels

Red Squirrel or Chickaree (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Abert's Squirrel (Sciurus aberti)
Arizona Gray Squirrel (Sciurus arizonensis)
Douglas' Squirrel (Tamiasciurus douglasii)
Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)
Western Gray Squirrel (Sciurus griseus)
Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)
Mexican Fox Squirrel (Sciurus nayaritensis chiricahuae)

North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsata) Order Rodentia: Rodents Family Erethizontidae, North American Porcupines North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsata)
Coyote (Canis latrans) Order Carnivora: Carnivores Family Canidae, Dogs

Coyote (Canis latrans)
Kit Fox (Vulpes velox)
Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi)

Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Order Carnivora: Carnivores
Family Procyonidae, Raccoons

Northern Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica)

Badger (Taxidea taxus) Order Carnivora: Carnivores
Family Mustelidae, Weasels

Badger (Taxidea taxus)
Long-tailed Weasel (Mustela frenata)
Northern River Otter (Lontra canadensis)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Fisher (Martes pennanti)
Martin (Martes americana)

Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis) Order Carnivora: Carnivores
Family Mustelidae, Skunks
Western Spotted Skunk (Spilogale gracilis)
Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Order Carnivora: Carnivores
Family Felidae, Cats

Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
Mountain Lion (Puma concolor)
Feral Domestic Cat (Felis domesticus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)

Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) Order Carnivora: Carnivores
Family Ursidae (Bears)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis)
Black Bear (Ursus americanus)

Phoca vitulina Order Carnivora: Carnivores
Family Phocidae (Hair Seals, or Earless Seals)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina)

Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus) Order Carnivora: Carnivores
Family Otariidae (Eared Seals)

Species not around Las Vegas:

California Sea Lion (Zalophus californicus)
Steller Sea Lion
(Eumetopias jubatus)

West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) Order: Sirenia
Family: Trichechidae (dugong and manatee)

Species not around Las Vegas:

West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus)

Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)

Order: Cingulata
Family: Dasypodidae

Species not around Las Vegas:

Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)

Feral Horse (Equus caballus) Order Perissodactyla
Family Equidae
Odd-toed Ungulates, Horses
Feral Horse (Equus caballus)
Feral ass (Equus asinus)
Collared Peccary, Javelina (Pecari tajacu) Order Artiodactyla
Family Tayassuidae (Peccary)
Collared Peccary, Javelina (Pecari tajacu)
Elk (wapiti) (Cervus elaphus) Order Artiodactyla
Family Cervidae
Even-toed Ungulates, Deer

Elk (Wapiti) (Cervus elaphus)
Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginiana)
Carmen Mountains White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus carminis)
Coues White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus couesi)

Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) Order Artiodactyla
Family Antilocapridae
Even-toed Ungulates, Pronghorn
Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
Desert Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Order Artiodactyla
Family Bovidae
Even-toed Ungulates, Sheep

Desert Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)
American Bison (Bison bison)
Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus)

Species not around Las Vegas:

Dall's Sheep (Ovis dalli)
Domestic Sheep (Ovis aries)
Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus)

Note: All distances, elevations, and other facts are approximate.
© 2014 Jim Boone; Last updated 140225

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